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Why are my Gums Receding?

Gum recession is a common dental problem that affects people of all ages. It occurs when the gum tissue surrounding the teeth wears away, exposing the tooth roots and potentially leading to various oral health issues. Understanding the causes behind this condition is crucial for taking preventive measures and seeking appropriate treatment. 

In this article, we will delve into the factors that contribute to gum recession and explore ways to maintain healthy gums.

  1. Periodontal Disease:

One of the leading causes of gum recession is periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease. This condition occurs due to the buildup of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, on the teeth and gums. Over time, the bacteria-infested plaque hardens into tartar, causing the gums to recede. Regular brushing, flossing, and professional dental cleanings can help prevent gum disease and reduce the risk of gum recession.

  1. Aggressive Brushing Techniques:

Believe it or not, brushing your teeth too hard can harm your gums. Using excessive force or a stiff-bristled toothbrush can cause the gum tissue to erode gradually. It is crucial to adopt a gentle brushing technique, using a soft-bristled toothbrush and circular motions to clean your teeth effectively without damaging the gums.

  1. Poor Oral Hygiene:

Neglecting oral hygiene can have detrimental effects on your gums. Failing to brush and floss regularly allows plaque to accumulate, leading to gum inflammation and recession. Maintaining proper oral hygiene, including brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and using mouthwash, is essential to prevent gum disease and gum recession.

  1. Hormonal Changes:

Hormonal fluctuations that occur during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can have an impact on gum health. Increased levels of hormones can make gums more sensitive and susceptible to recession. Pregnant women, in particular, may experience a condition called pregnancy gingivitis, which can lead to gum recession if left untreated. Regular dental check-ups and maintaining good oral hygiene can help manage hormonal-related gum issues.

  1. Genetics:

Some individuals are more genetically predisposed to developing gum recession than others. If your family members have experienced gum recession or other periodontal conditions, you may be at a higher risk. Regular visits to the dentist can help monitor and address any early signs of gum recession.

  1. Tobacco Use:

Smoking cigarettes or using other tobacco products can significantly impact your oral health. Tobacco use restricts blood flow to the gums, making them more vulnerable to infections and gum recession. Quitting tobacco can improve your gum health and decrease the risk of gum recession.


While gum recession can be a distressing and potentially harmful condition, it is important to remember that it can be prevented and treated. Maintaining good oral hygiene practices, adopting a gentle brushing technique, and seeking regular dental care are vital steps to safeguard your gums. If you notice any signs of gum recession, such as tooth sensitivity, longer-looking teeth, or changes in your bite, consult your dentist promptly to address the issue before it progresses. By understanding the causes and taking proactive measures, you can ensure the health and longevity of your gums for years to come.

We would love to help you on your oral health journey, so feel free to contact us at Verve Dental on (03) 9570 5188, or book online to arrange a time that suits you best.

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